Eczema is a general term for many types of skin inflammation (dermatitis) The most common form of eczema is atopic dermatitis, however there are many different forms of eczema.
Eczema can affect people of any age, although the condition is most common in infants, and about 85% of those affected have an onset prior to 5 years of age. Eczema will permanently resolve by age 3 in about half of affected infants, in others the condition tends to recur throughout life. People with eczema often have a family history of the condition or a family history of other allergic conditions, such as asthma or hay fever. Eczema is not contagious, but it is believed to be ast least partially inherited.
What are the causes of Eczema?
Types of Eczema:
Atopic Dermatitis: (most common form) – a chronic skin disease characterized by itchy, inflamed skin. This condition tends to come and go, depending on external triggers.
Contact Dermatitis: a localized reaction with itching, burning and redness in areas where the skin has come into contact with and allergy-causing substance tho which the individual is sensitive to.
Seborrheic Eczema : (cradle cap in infants) – This condition is closely related to dandruff, symptoms include yellowish, oily, scaly patches of the skin and scalp and occasionally other parts of the body.
Xerotic Eczema: (winter itch) – Is dry skin that becomes so serious it turns to eczema. The itchy, tender skin resembles a dry river bed and worsens in dry winter weather. Limbs and trunk are mostly affected.